ITKMinMaxCurvatureFlowImage

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Group (Subgroup)

ITKImageProcessing (ITKImageProcessing)

Description

Denoise an image using min/max curvature flow.

MinMaxCurvatureFlowImageFilter implements a curvature driven image denoising algorithm. Iso-brightness contours in the grayscale input image are viewed as a level set. The level set is then evolved using a curvature-based speed function:

\f[ I_t = F_{\mbox{minmax}} |\nabla I| \f]

where \f$ F_{\mbox{minmax}} = \max(\kappa,0) \f$ if \f$ \mbox{Avg}{\mbox{stencil}}(x) \f$ is less than or equal to \f$ T{thresold} \f$ and \f$ \min(\kappa,0) \f$ , otherwise. \f$ \kappa \f$ is the mean curvature of the iso-brightness contour at point \f$ x \f$ .

In min/max curvature flow, movement is turned on or off depending on the scale of the noise one wants to remove. Switching depends on the average image value of a region of radius \f$ R \f$ around each point. The choice of \f$ R \f$ , the stencil radius, governs the scale of the noise to be removed.

The threshold value \f$ T_{threshold} \f$ is the average intensity obtained in the direction perpendicular to the gradient at point \f$ x \f$ at the extrema of the local neighborhood.

This filter make use of the multi-threaded finite difference solver hierarchy. Updates are computed using a MinMaxCurvatureFlowFunction object. A zero flux Neumann boundary condition is used when computing derivatives near the data boundary.

\warning This filter assumes that the input and output types have the same dimensions. This filter also requires that the output image pixels are of a real type. This filter works for any dimensional images, however for dimensions greater than 3D, an expensive brute-force search is used to compute the local threshold.

Reference: "Level Set Methods and Fast Marching Methods", J.A. Sethian, Cambridge Press, Chapter 16, Second edition, 1999.

\see MinMaxCurvatureFlowFunction

\see CurvatureFlowImageFilter

\see BinaryMinMaxCurvatureFlowImageFilter

Parameters

Name Type Description
TimeStep double N/A
NumberOfIterations double N/A
StencilRadius int Set/Get the stencil radius.

Required Geometry

Image

Required Objects

Kind Default Name Type Component Dimensions Description
Cell Attribute Array None N/A (1) Array containing input image

Created Objects

Kind Default Name Type Component Dimensions Description
Cell Attribute Array None (1) Array containing filtered image

References

[1] T.S. Yoo, M. J. Ackerman, W. E. Lorensen, W. Schroeder, V. Chalana, S. Aylward, D. Metaxas, R. Whitaker. Engineering and Algorithm Design for an Image Processing API: A Technical Report on ITK - The Insight Toolkit. In Proc. of Medicine Meets Virtual Reality, J. Westwood, ed., IOS Press Amsterdam pp 586-592 (2002). [2] H. Johnson, M. McCormick, L. Ibanez. The ITK Software Guide: Design and Functionality. Fourth Edition. Published by Kitware Inc. 2015 ISBN: 9781-930934-28-3 [3] H. Johnson, M. McCormick, L. Ibanez. The ITK Software Guide: Introduction and Development Guidelines. Fourth Edition. Published by Kitware Inc. 2015 ISBN: 9781-930934-27-6

Example Pipelines

Please see the description file distributed with this plugin.

DREAM3D Mailing Lists

If you need more help with a filter, please consider asking your question on the DREAM3D Users mailing list: https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en#!forum/dream3d-users